Measures of hygiene
Care of the fur
Grooming does not exclusively suit the care of the fur but also establishes contact and the animal becomes accustomed to getting touched at any part of the body. This close contact can be used to observe any changes in the fur or of the skin.
Especially when loosing the winter fur (herabouts in April/May) some help with care is welcome. For this purpose ordinary cleaning equipment for horses can be used (coarse scrubbing brush, curry comb, body brush etc.). Advantageous are also just normal hair brushes or some brushes used for the care of dogs. Partially the wool can just be picked by hand.
Some camels are sensitive to insect bites, in this case it can be done without brushing out the winter fur. This way the animals have a natural protection against insect bites for longer and the new fur can grow underneath. By the end of July the discharge of the coat should be finished, with dromedaries perhaps a little later. The new winter coat should not be combed or brushed through as it might get damaged by this procedure, except for the coat discharge in spring, the fur should just be brushed on the surface.Rule of thumb: the less fur the animals have, the more careful should be cleaned and the softer the brush needs to be!
The swollen foot and nails of the camel should be checked regularly. Depending on the season, the type of soil in the stable and enclosure and the individual mobility of the animal they wear differently. Best is to get the animal early accustomed to being touched at the leg and giving the foot. Alternatively the animals can be taught to be constrained or hobbled. If applicable the nails should be adjusted to the level of the foot. For cutting the nails clippers, forceps or scissors can be used. Loculation in the feet due to deficient wear needs to be avoided as infection may occur in this area when foreign matter or microbes penetrate.The best foot- and claw care is to provide dry subsoil and thus enough wear.
Camels can have dental problems from around the age of 10. Sometimes the tips of the teeth stand outwards, injuring the mucous membrane and thus preventing normal eating behaviour. Otherwise healthy animals lose weight. Increased salivation or hay wrapping in the mouth or repeated standing away from the roughage can be indications. Regular dental treatment can help.
Treatment against worms
Every six months the faeces should be laboratory investigated for worms, dependent on requirement treatment has to succeed as a routine care procedure.